Condensed Matter Physics, 2000, vol. 3, No. 2(22), p. 335-358, English

Author(s): A.V.Chalyi (Department of Physics, National Medical University, 13 Shevchenko Blvd., Kiev 01601, Ukraine), K.A.Chalyi (Dept. Bio. and Chem. Engineering, Gunma University, Kiryu 376-8515, Japan), L.M.Chernenko (Institute of Surface Chemistry of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 31 Nauki Avenue, Kiev 252028, Ukraine), A.N.Vasil'ev (Department of Physics, Kiev University, 6 Glushkova Avenue, Kiev 03022, Ukraine)

The critical phenomena and peculiarities of phase transitions in the confined fluid systems are investigated. A system with the geometry of a plane-parallel layer is chosen in order to discuss the influence of the space limitations on the critical characteristics of fluids. The main ideas of the Munster iteration procedure were used to find the pair and the direct correlation functions. Such an important characteristic of the system as the correlation length was found and correspondent results were analyzed in the terms of the scaling theory. Special attention is paid to the calculation of the shifts of the critical parameters (critical temperature and density). The three-moment approximation is used to investigate anisotropic liquids. The system of the Ornstein-Zernike (OZ) integral equations is involved to investigate the correlative properties of the binary fluid mixtures. It is shown for the fluids with the isomorphic character of the interaction that the approximation may be used that makes the system similar to the OZ one-component liquid model.
The asymptotic formulae for the pair correlation functions are found and the validity of the Munster method for the binary mixtures is considered. The peculiarities of critical light opalescence for the systems with the special geometry are considered.

Comments: Figs. 6, Refs. 11, Tabs. 0.

[ps,pdf] << Contents of Vol.3 No.2(22)