Phenomenological study of spin-triplet ferromagnetic superconductors
Authors: D.V.Shopova, T.E.Tsvetkov, D.I.Uzunov (CP Laboratory, Institute of Solid State Physics, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, BG-1784 Sofia, Bulgaria)
Unconventional superconductivity with spin-triplet Cooper pairing is reviewed based on the quasi-phenomenological Ginzburg-Landau theory. The superconductivity, in particular, the mixed phase of coexistence of ferromagnetizm and unconventional superconductivity is triggered by the spontaneous magnetization. The mixed phase is stable whereas the other superconducting phases that usually exist in unconventional superconductors are either unstable, or, for particular values of the parameters of the theory, some of these phases are metastable at relatively low temperatures in a quite narrow domain of the phase diagram. The phase transitions from the normal phase to the phase of coexistence is of first order while the phase transition from the ferromagnetic phase to the coexistence phase can be either of first or second order depending on the concrete substance. The Cooper pair and crystal anisotropy are relevant to a more precise outline of the phase diagram shape and reduce the degeneration of the ground states of the system but they do not drastically effect the phase stability domains and the thermodynamic properties of the respective phases.
superconductivity, ferromagnetizm, phase diagram,
order parameter profile, anisotropy
PACS: 74.20.De, 74.20.Rp
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