Condensed Matter Physics, 2006, vol. 9, No. 2(46), p. 219236, English
DOI:10.5488/CMP.9.2.219
Title:
Steps toward the foundations of statistical mechanics: in and out of equilibrium
Author(s):
 D.Karevski
(Laboratoire de Physique des Matériaux, UMR CNRS
7556, Université Henri Poincaré, Nancy 1, F54506 Vandœuvre les Nancy Cedex, France)

The first part of the paper is devoted to the foundations, that is
the mathematical and physical justification, of equilibrium
statistical mechanics. It is a pedagogical attempt, mostly based
on Khinchin's presentation, which purpose is to clarify some
aspects of the development of statistical mechanics. In the second
part, we discuss some recent developments that appeared out of
equilibrium, such as fluctuation theorem and Jarzynski equality.
Key words:
foundations of statistical mechanics, fluctuation
theorem, jarzynski equality
PACS:
05.20.Gb, 05.30.Ch, 05.70.Ln
