Condensed Matter Physics, 2012, vol. 15, No. 2, p. 23601:1-16
On the phase behavior of mixed Ar-Xe submonolayer films on graphite
(Department for the Modelling of Physico-Chemical Processes, MCS University Lublin, 20031 Lublin, Poland)
Using Monte Carlo simulation methods in the canonical and grand canonical ensembles, we discuss the melting and the formation of ordered structures of mixed Ar-Xe submonolayer films on graphite. The calculations have been performed using two- as well as three-dimensional models of the systems studied. It is demonstrated that out-of plane motion does not affect the properties of the adsorbed films as long as the total density is not close to the monolayer completion. On the other hand, close to the monolayer completion, the promotion of particles to the second layer considerably affects the properties of mixed films. It has been shown that the mixture exhibits complete mixing in the liquid phase and freezes into solid phases of the structure depending upon the film composition. For submonolayer densities, the melting temperature exhibits non-monotonous changes with the film composition. In particular, the melting temperature initially increases when the xenon concentration increases up to about 20%, then it decreases and reaches minimum for the xenon concentration of about 40%. For still higher xenon concentrations, the melting point gradually increases to the temperature corresponding to pure xenon film. It has been also demonstrated that the topology of phase diagrams of mixed films is sensitive to the composition of adsorbed layers.
adsorption of mixtures, phase transitions, computer simulation, melting
68.35.Rh, 68.43.De, 68.43.Fg, 64.75.St